Project Summary The project aims to develop new, efficient technologies, specific to certain locations in the country, for chemical treatment of sludge from the oil industry in order to break the chemical bonds between the main components: water, oil and a solid part. It also proposes to develop and generalize an original technology that is adaptable to all types of petroleum slam existing in the country, based on the principle of centrifugation, in order to perfectly separate the components. The aim of the project is to achieve a perfect separation of the components, water, oil and solid parts, so that each of them meets the latest EU environmental protection rules.
Within the project, a complex centrifugal plant will be designed and implemented, applying own solutions with variable parameters of operation, so that the developed technologies can be tested and verified, and at the end of the approved project. Taking into account the proposed objectives, the expected results, we consider that the project fits perfectly in the thematic area S / T NR 6, environment and climate change, promoted through the 7 th Framework Program of the European Union (FP7) 2007-2013. Thus, the thematic area No. 6 aims at the efficient management of natural resources and the reduction of the negative impact generated by economic activities on the environment. Since the project aims at the full recovery of petroleum from industrial waste, an "efficient management of natural resources" is made, the greening of oil sludge deposited in enormous external waste dumps, thus leading to "reducing the negative impact of economic activities on the environment".
Project Objectives In our country the oil industry has been developed for a very long time, but there have never been any attempts to clean up the oil slurry (the last three years have begun the first viable actions), as the quantities accumulated are immense. In this context, it is seen that the relevance of the project to its field is very high. The main objective of the project is the development and realization of an original technology adaptable to all types of petroleum slam existing in the country, based on the centrifugation principle, in order to perfectly separate the components so that each of them complies with the EU environmental protection norms The national policy in this field is clear and firm - alignment with the European Community Framework Directive 75/442, which states:
reducing the amount of waste, including hazardous waste; li>
reintroduce waste generated as secondary raw materials; li>
preserving the environment during the treatment and disposal of waste; li>
guaranteeing a collection that protects human health and the environment. li>
The greening of waste oil industry is one of the top three priorities of Romania in the field of ecology. The project is in line with a new principle promoted by the European Community. "The evasion of the waste is more than just the removal of waste".
The problems that have been solved within the project have been particularly complex and have been mentioned before, the areas they are part of are numerous and the scientific level to be addressed is very high.
To solve the proposed problems, the highest level of knowledge in the field of physical chemistry, physical metallurgy and the study of surface coating materials, viscous fluid mechanics, fluorescence fluid flow study, material resistance, etc. had to be accumulated and integrated. .
All this knowledge complied with the achievement of the final objectives of the project, measurable objectives with which the entire activity was carried out: new technology, performance, chemical treatment and centrifugal separation installation in components of the oil slam, their approval and the transfer to the economic environment for which they have were achieved.
Stage I - The new chemical treatment method for petroleum industry waste and separation into components through a new procedure li>
Stage II - New procedures and methods in the field of chemical treatment and oil separation of components in petroleum industry. Performance Studies, Technical and Technological Solutions for Petroleum Waste Greening li>
Stage III - Design of M.E. li>
Stage IV - (CA = 1.6) Developing and Experimenting M.E. li>
Stage V - Technology Transfer to Partner Business Agents. Experimenting and approving project results. li>
|CNOTI National Turbomotive Research and Development Institute Bucharest||www.comoti.ro
Dr. Ing. Cristian CÂRLĂNESCU
|Polytechnic University of Bucharest Special Materials Research and Expertise Center (UPB-CEMS)||www.sim.pub.ro
Prof. Dr. Ing. Constantin NICOLAE
|Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti||www.upg-ploiesti.ro
Conf. Univ. Dr. Ing. Sorin NEACŞU
|SC METAV - RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT S.A.||www.metav-cd.ro
Dr. Ing. Ioan ROMAN
|S.C. PETROMSERVICE S.A. Bucureşti||www.petromservice.ro
Ing. Dorin RACOTĂ
|S.C. METAV IND PROD S.A. Bucureşti||www.metavindprod.ro
Ing. Gabriel PANAIT
|S.C. PLASMA JET S.R.L.||www.plasmajet.ro
Ing. Ion TRUŞCĂ
|S.C. DESAN S.R.L.||www.desan.ro
ing. Marin NEACŞA